Sunday, January 13, 2008

Mozart

Mozart History


His complete name is Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, look to the name this is similar to the group of wild animals but full of freedom. He is the greatest genius in Western musical history, he was born in Salzburg, Austria, January 27, 1756, the son of Leopold Mozart and his wife, Anna Maria Perl. Leopold was a successful composer and violinist and assistant concertmaster at the Salzburg court.


Wolgang began composing minuets at the age of 5 and symphonies at 9. When he was 6, he and his older sister, Maria Anna (known as Nannerl), embarked on a series of concert tours to Europe's Courts and major cities. Both children played the keyboard, but Wolfgang became a violin virtuoso as well. In 8 years old, Wolfgang wrote his first symphonies and was befriended by Johan Christian Batch, whose musical influence on Wolfgang was profound. Between 1769 and 1772, Leopold and Wolfgang undertook three tours to Italy.


When he return to Salzburg, Mozart was given the position of court organist (1779) and produce a splendid series of church works, including the famous "Coronation" Mass. He was commissioned to compose a new opera for Munich, Indomeneo (1781), which proved that he was a consummate master of opera seria. He was summoned by von Colloredo to Vienna opera in 1781 and after a series of violent argument was dismissed.


Final Years

Mozart fame began to wane after Figaro. The nobility and court grew increasingly nervous about his revolution ideas as exemplified in Figaro. He sank into debt and was assisted by a brother Freemason, Michael Puchberg (Mozart had joined the Masons in 1784 and remained as ardent member until his death). His greatest operatic success after Figaro was Don Giovanni (1787), composed for Prague, where Mozart's art was especially appreciated.

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