The term Latin American as used here encompasses the
During the colonial period in
Little concrete evidence remains as to the real nature of pre-conquest music in Aztec, Inca, and Maya civilizations part from the testimony of 16th century Spanish chroniclers and what can be seen of instrument depicted in hieroglyphs and pottery decorations.
Drums, rattles, scrapers, slit drums (hollowed logs), whistles, vertical flutes, and panpipes were found, with almost total absence of stringed instrument. In performing Yeravi song, the huayno song and dance form, and other genres, modern Andean Amerindian still make extensive use of vertical flutes and panpipes, along with European instrument such as bass drums, harps, and guitars of different size.
The Iberian origins of many song and dance form are evident in a widespread predilection for alternating ¾ and 6/8 meters (hemiola), the use of harps, fiddles, guitars, and many song types derived from Spanish verse structures such as the romanze or villancico. These include the corridor of
To be continued